15 preguntas básicas de la entrevista de MySQL para administradores de bases de datos


Antes de este artículo, ya se han publicado tres artículos en la sección "Entrevista de Linux" y todos ellos fueron muy apreciados por nuestros lectores notables, sin embargo, recibimos comentarios para hacer este proceso de aprendizaje interactivo, por secciones. De la idea a la acción, le proporcionamos 15 preguntas de la entrevista de MySQL.

[email protected]:/home/avi# service mysql status

/usr/bin/mysqladmin  Ver 8.42 Distrib 5.1.72, for debian-linux-gnu on i486
Copyright (c) 2000, 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.

Server version 5.1.72-2
Protocol version 10
Connection Localhost via UNIX socket
UNIX socket /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock
Uptime: 1 hour 22 min 49 sec

Threads: 1  Questions: 112138  Slow queries: 1  Opens: 1485  Flush tables: 1  Open tables: 64  Queries per second avg: 22.567.
[email protected]:/home/avi# service mysql stop

Stopping MySQL database server: mysqld.

[email protected]:/home/avi# service mysql start

Starting MySQL database server: mysqld.

Checking for corrupt, not cleanly closed and upgrade needing tables..
[email protected]:/home/avi# mysql -u root -p 
Enter password: 
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g. 
Your MySQL connection id is 207 
Server version: 5.1.72-2 (Debian) 

Copyright (c) 2000, 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its 
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective 
owners. 

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement. 

mysql>
mysql> show databases; 
+--------------------+ 
| Database           | 
+--------------------+ 
| information_schema | 
| a1                 | 
| cloud              | 
| mysql              | 
| phpmyadmin         | 
| playsms            | 
| sisso              | 
| test               | 
| ukolovnik          | 
| wordpress          | 
+--------------------+ 
10 rows in set (0.14 sec)
mysql> use cloud; 
Reading table information for completion of table and column names 
You can turn off this feature to get a quicker startup with -A 

Database changed 
mysql>
mysql> show tables; 
+----------------------------+ 
| Tables_in_cloud            | 
+----------------------------+ 
| oc_appconfig               | 
| oc_calendar_calendars      | 
| oc_calendar_objects        | 
| oc_calendar_repeat         | 
| oc_calendar_share_calendar | 
| oc_calendar_share_event    | 
| oc_contacts_addressbooks   | 
| oc_contacts_cards          | 
| oc_fscache                 | 
| oc_gallery_sharing         | 
+----------------------------+ 
10 rows in set (0.00 sec)
mysql> describe oc_users; 
+----------+--------------+------+-----+---------+-------+ 
| Field    | Type         | Null | Key | Default | Extra | 
+----------+--------------+------+-----+---------+-------+ 
| uid      | varchar(64)  | NO   | PRI |         |       | 
| password | varchar(255) | NO   |     |         |       | 
+----------+--------------+------+-----+---------+-------+ 
2 rows in set (0.00 sec)
mysql> drop table lookup; 

Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
mysql> drop database a1; 

Query OK, 11 rows affected (0.07 sec)
mysql> select * from engines; 
+------------+---------+----------------------------------------------------------------+--------------+------+------------+ 
| ENGINE     | SUPPORT | COMMENT                                                        | TRANSACTIONS | XA   | SAVEPOINTS | 
+------------+---------+----------------------------------------------------------------+--------------+------+------------+ 
| InnoDB     | YES     | Supports transactions, row-level locking, and foreign keys     | YES          | YES  | YES        | 
| MRG_MYISAM | YES     | Collection of identical MyISAM tables                          | NO           | NO   | NO         | 
| BLACKHOLE  | YES     | /dev/null storage engine (anything you write to it disappears) | NO           | NO   | NO         | 
| CSV        | YES     | CSV storage engine                                             | NO           | NO   | NO         | 
| MEMORY     | YES     | Hash based, stored in memory, useful for temporary tables      | NO           | NO   | NO         | 
| FEDERATED  | NO      | Federated MySQL storage engine                                 | NULL         | NULL | NULL       | 
| ARCHIVE    | YES     | Archive storage engine                                         | NO           | NO   | NO         | 
| MyISAM     | DEFAULT | Default engine as of MySQL 3.23 with great performance         | NO           | NO   | NO         | 
+------------+---------+----------------------------------------------------------------+--------------+------+------------+ 
8 rows in set (0.00 sec)
mysql> select uid from oc_users; 
+-----+ 
| uid | 
+-----+ 
| avi | 
+-----+ 
1 row in set (0.03 sec)
12. mysql> select create_time, engine from xyz where engine="MyIsam";

+---------------------+--------+ 
| create_time         | engine | 
+---------------------+--------+ 
| 2013-12-15 13:43:27 | MyISAM | 
| 2013-12-15 13:43:27 | MyISAM | 
| 2013-12-15 13:43:27 | MyISAM | 
| 2013-12-15 13:43:27 | MyISAM | 
| 2013-12-15 13:43:27 | MyISAM | 
| 2013-12-15 13:43:27 | MyISAM | 
| 2013-12-15 13:43:27 | MyISAM | 
| 2013-12-15 13:43:27 | MyISAM | 
| 2013-10-23 14:56:38 | MyISAM | 
| 2013-10-23 14:56:38 | MyISAM | 
| 2013-10-23 14:56:38 | MyISAM | 
| 2013-10-23 14:56:38 | MyISAM | 
| 2013-10-23 14:56:38 | MyISAM | 
| 2013-10-23 14:56:38 | MyISAM | 
| 2013-10-23 14:56:38 | MyISAM | 
+---------------------+--------+ 
132 rows in set (0.29 sec)
mysql> select  * from xrt where name = "tecmint" and web_address = “tecmint.com”;
+---------------+---------------------+---------------+ 
| Id                  | name                   | web_address | 
+---------------+---------------------+----------------+ 
| 13                 |  tecmint               | tecmint.com  |
+---------------+---------------------+----------------+ 
| 41                 |  tecmint               | tecmint.com  |
+---------------+---------------------+----------------+
mysql> select * from xrt where name != ”tecmint” and web_address = ”tecmint.com”;

+---------------+---------------------+---------------+ 
| Id            | name                | web_address   | 
+---------------+---------------------+----------------+ 
| 1173          |  tecmint            | tecmint.com   |
+---------------+---------------------+----------------+
mysql> select count(*) from Tables; 

+----------+ 
| count(*) | 
+----------+ 
|      282 | 
+----------+ 
1 row in set (0.01 sec)

Eso es todo por ahora. ¿Cómo se siente acerca de esta sección "Pregunta de la entrevista sobre Linux"? No olvide enviarnos sus valiosos comentarios en nuestra sección de comentarios.